I hope that we may be able to identify some of the individuals who created Gothic. This is work in progress, often tentative and uncertain, where I have grouped similar concepts to see if we can extract an individual signature. It is presented publicly in spite of its many imperfections so you may see and assess my progress. I have used names so they are easier to remember, but could represent a template as much as a man. Enjoy the beauty and skill in these carvings that has held me captivated for almost fifty years. Please share your analysis to further develop this aspect of medieval studies …. To read more

Faceter

(Active ca. 1090s - 1120s)

Characteristics:
Twelve to eight sides at the base, rising to support a central panel or decoration. Single examples from each phase are collected in [Display 2]. The lower two-thirds is undecorated. Cartouches etc added in upper centre or the 'V' cleavage emphasised with decorative edges in middle years [Display 3]. Crockets are large, curled and almost symmetrical. No creatures. There are many minor decorative items that could be by this carver or than his crew, so press ‘a’ to look at them, don’t forget those that have been restored. Two or more facets on each side become slightly concave in a few later capitals. Altogether this makes for a formidable collection and gives some idea of how many capitals of the simpler sort could be carved in a lifetime. More than a hundred survived from the work of over 40 years.

1087 - Bonnesvalyn, Saint-Martin (Phase 3 - south-w (a)) 1088 - Le Bellay-en-Vexin, Sainte-Marie-Madeleine (Phase 1 - crossing) 1088 - Lessay, Sainte-Trinite (Phase 1 - east (a)) 1089 - Louvres, Saint-Rieul (Phase 1 - tower base) 1089 - Saint-Martin-de-Bréthancourt, Saints-Pierre-et-Paul (Phase 2 - nave walls) 1093 - Cerisy-la-Forêt, Saint-Vigor (Phase 2 - nave (a)) 1094 - Jouy-le-Moutier, La Nativité (Phase 1 - crossing) 1095 - Saint-Martin-de-Boscherville, Saint-Georges (Phase 1 - east (d)) 1102 - Bonnesvalyn, Saint-Martin (Phase 8 - nave s) 1102 - Jouy-le-Moutier, La Nativité (Phase 2 - tower II) 1102 - Mogneville, Saint-Denis (Phase 4 - south) 1103 - Mogneville, Saint-Denis (Phase 5 - crossing (a-)) 1103 - Villers-Saint-Paul, Saint-Paul (Phase 2 - nave (a)) 1104 - Morienval, Saint-Denis (Phase 11 - w tower III) 1104 - Verneuil-sur-Seine, Saint-Martin (Phase 1 - east) 1105 - Bury, Saint-Lucien (Phase 2 - n nave (a)) 1105 - Château-Landon, Saint-André (Phase 1 - tower base) 1105 - Maule, Saint-Nicolas (Phase 1 - crypt) 1107 - Mogneville, Saint-Denis (Phase 6 - w crossing) 1108 - Bury, Saint-Lucien (Phase 3 - s nave (a)) 1109 - Puiseux-le-Hauberger, Saint-Germain (Phase 1 - east, south) 1110 - Cambronne-lès-Clermont, Saint-Étienne (Phase 2 - north wall) 1111 - Fitz-James, Saints-Pierre-et-Paul (Phase 1 - crossing) 1112 - Cambronne-lès-Clermont, Saint-Étienne (Phase 4 - south (a)) 1112 - Ennery, Saint-Aubin (Phase 3 - tower II) 1112 - Saint-Leu-d'Esserent, Saint-Nicolas (Phase 2 - narthex (a)) 1113 - Foulangues, Saint-Denis (Phase 4 - e crossing) 1113 - Mogneville, Saint-Denis (Phase 9 - north (v)) 1114 - Auvers-sur-Oise, Notre-Dame-de-l'Assomption (Phase 7 - east (a)) 1114 - Bury, Saint-Lucien (Phase 5 - w nave (a)) 1115 - Cergy, Saint-Christophe (Phase 1 - crossing) 1115 - Mogneville, Saint-Denis (Phase 10 - apse) 1115 - Saint-Leu-d'Esserent, Saint-Nicolas (Phase 3 - narthex (g)) 1116 - Bury, Saint-Lucien (Phase 6 - e nave (c)) 1116 - Gassicourt, Sainte-Anne (Phase 1 - nave (a)) 1118 - Bonnesvalyn, Saint-Martin (Phase 12 - apse (a)) 1118 - Bruyères-sur-Oise, Saint-Vivien (Phase 3 - tower II) 1118 - Ully-Saint-Georges, Saint-Georges (Phase 1 - east) 1119 - Bruyères-sur-Oise, Saint-Vivien (Phase 4 - tower III) 1122 - Paris, Saint-Martin-des-Champs (Phase 1 - crossing) 1123 - Maule, Saint-Nicolas (Phase 6 - nave (t,c)) 1123 - Paris, Saint-Martin-des-Champs (Phase 6 - pier base D (d)) 1124 - Paris, Saint-Pierre-de-Montmartre (Phase 3 - nave n (a)) 1124 - Senlis, Saint-Maurice (Phase 1 - castle chapel) 1126 - Bury, Saint-Lucien (Phase 7 - w nave (c)) 1128 - Fleury-en-Bière, Notre-Dame-de-l'Assomption (Phase 7 - nave (c)) 1128 - Néry, Saint-Martin (Phase 2 - tower I)
This is an experimental section where John James is attempting to identify the carvers though the use of common templates and/or a recognisable manners of carving. Such a large-scale analysis of all the capitals in these buildings has not been attempted before. As an ongoing enterprise that is still in its infancy, we seek your input. John believes this has the potential to increase our understanding of how they worked and to provide a more solid basis for dating than we have had.


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