Provins
(Seine-et-Marne, France)
Saint-Quirace
Surveyed: 1972-74, 1980-83, 2009, 2015
This is an experimental section where John James is attempting to identify the carvers though the use of common templates and/or a recognisable manners of carving. Such a large-scale analysis of all the capitals in these buildings has not been attempted before. As an ongoing enterprise that is still in its infancy, we seek your input. John believes this has the potential to increase our understanding of how they worked and to provide a more solid basis for dating than we have had.
Choir wall bases all together, though levels change; the E-e chapel has massive shafts and bases and the whole choir was designed for groin vault (as indicated in the carved heads to support the ribs; perhaps built before the south door.
The north transept door has teeth in the impost (as in Chartres), probably built with lower aisle walls before the crusade
Apse to E4 aisle impost profiles are a simple scotia in piers and in walls, which I presume were the earlier team; the heads supporting the ribs indicate that the walls were not originally designed for ribs.
Choir to crossing impost profiles are more complex with a scotia over a roll in piers and walls, with vaults that have a groove on one side of the roll and none on the other, similar to Noyon, Nouvion and Soissons south.
Choir triforium walkway steps down at -w to top of arcade arches with a joint in string one-third into bay; a large campaign so all triforium capitals by the one team, and the apse remained ahead of the next three bays; a break is indicated by the number of shaft-rings that change from 4 in apse to 3, with one in middle of string course.
Choir clerestory and window sills.
Choir window capitals without supports for flyers at this stage.
Two lateral eastern chapels added.
Choir upper walls with buttresses and vaults 2-4, with flyer that meet the wall at level of the window capitals.
W1 plinths and a separate campaign for torus course; the next may have included capitals to a joint in course 4 of arch with small separate campaigns for wall bases and each drum; intention for drums in W3 bases changed to building of terminal wall, and with only the start of the dado and in Wn1 intended a wider bay with bases for a wider dado arcade while in the south all three dado arches are equal.
Choir dado inserted, with bases at top of plinth in north, under plinth in south, while in the nave the dado capitals and plate windows like Essomes.
Nave arcade 1-3 completed after decision to finish the church in W3. Join to west of lowest arcade arches in WN1 and 2.
North transept dado
Nave W1 triforium, and transepts north, south on both sides with triplet plate arches.
Transept walls with tracery and vaults, and later the west wall from apex of W2 arcade arch and W2 triforium, with vaults and bec caps.


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