Paris
(Paris, France)
Saint-Martin-des-Champs
Surveyed: 1969, 1977, 1980-83, 2003, 2005, 2015
This is an experimental section where John James is attempting to identify the carvers though the use of common templates and/or a recognisable manners of carving. Such a large-scale analysis of all the capitals in these buildings has not been attempted before. As an ongoing enterprise that is still in its infancy, we seek your input. John believes this has the potential to increase our understanding of how they worked and to provide a more solid basis for dating than we have had.
4 Faceter capitals here suggest an earlier part to the building placed at the junction with an earlier nave.
All wall footings, especially on axial chapel in a complex and very slow construction sequence analysed in Master Carvers Series #09 on The Duke.
Few courses in external walls, small program inside earlier church with piers bases A.
Pier bases B with additional work on external walls
Pier bases C, window sill and string
Pier bases D, chapel plinths and dado.
Pier bases E and possibly pauses in the external walls while the rest of the pier bases were laid with minimal expenditure; there are ten different designs for these piers, and they are individual enough to ascribe to different teams and there being no coordination between them one presumes some considerable time between each one.
Pier bases G and the aisle window. caps and external capitals.
Pier bases I
Central capitals in axial chapel, some pier capitals and arcade arch started in another complex process with five levels of capitals between the aisles and the entry into the axial chapel, six sets of profiles for the groin and rib vaults possibly caused by the many delays that involved as many masters as there are differences; and in addition no matter how we reconstitute or compress the details, we have to deal with eleven templates in the pier bases, three in the imposts, six in the aisle groin vaults and a further five in the eastern bays, a complexity that placed unusual demands on all who worked here - a good reason for none wanting to repeat this design elsewhere.
Choir wall and piers capitals, impost 1 and arches 1
Aisle wall cornice, impost 2, upper vault 2 and doubeau 2
Pier upper aisle capitals, impost 3, axial chapel vault and arcade arch 3.
Axial chapel lower aisle caps
Chapel vault 1 begun with ribs 1 and doubleau 4
Axial chapel (a+), mid arch 3, ribs 2, noting that the clergy could have moved into the middle portionat this time.
Ambulatory roof, ribs 3, arches 5
Choir clerestory, vault ribs 4.
Clerestory window sills and ribs 5
Clerestory window capitals and the upper vaults.
Clerestory cornice, probably around 1138.


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