Oulchy-le-Chateau
(Aisne, France)
Notre-Dame
Surveyed: 1977, 1980-83, 2014
This is an experimental section where John James is attempting to identify the carvers though the use of common templates and/or a recognisable manners of carving. Such a large-scale analysis of all the capitals in these buildings has not been attempted before. As an ongoing enterprise that is still in its infancy, we seek your input. John believes this has the potential to increase our understanding of how they worked and to provide a more solid basis for dating than we have had.
In the lowest courses there are indications in the transept walls of an earlier building with a round apse and square transepts, probably half the height of the present choir with different coursing and stone type, and with some remaining capitals over window shafts.
The solid central block flanked by passages with dado arcades was added onto the apse; probably had a barrel vault built with the room under the tower.
Tower I
Tower II
Tower III
Nave aisles piers and west wall built separately from the external aisle walls
The choir was rebuilt in three campaigns utilising much of the earlier structure with bases that suggest there were to have been rib vaults only in the apse.
Choir to capitals and extended the rib vault construction throughout
Raised the height of the choir walls and vaults, especially in the transepts with en delit shafts to earlier window frames and capitals and oculiover the lancets of the terminal walls; all transverse arches were built wider than intended in the capitals so ribs had to be squashed into the tas-de-charge.
Nave clerestory walls were completed with the west wall and its triple windows.
The square windows in the nave inserted


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