(Oise, France)
Surveyed: 1980-83, 1992-98, 2003, 2016
This is an experimental section where John James is attempting to identify the carvers though the use of common templates and/or a recognisable manners of carving. Such a large-scale analysis of all the capitals in these buildings has not been attempted before. As an ongoing enterprise that is still in its infancy, we seek your input. John believes this has the potential to increase our understanding of how they worked and to provide a more solid basis for dating than we have had.
Crossing that was smaller than the present one from presumption that the size of the tower would have been determined by that of the crossing, and because the capitals in the tower are from an earlier century to those in the crossing.
Opening into an apse that may have been built at this time; shafts, arch and continuous impost 3.84 metres from the floor; includes part of an opening to the north with imposts on each side of arch; wooden tie beam used; the opening was wider than the width of the bay under the tower.
On the southern face of the apse entry pier there is a capital at 45 degrees intended for ribs; in the diagonally opposite external corner there are matching capitals; this and the south wall of the adjacent transept were built into an outcrop of rock that formed the south-west corner of the building that may have been a remnant of the quarry; junctions in the stonework suggests many campaigns.
Decision to widen the crossing under the tower to north and south; imposts 3.58 metres from the floor and so lower than entry into apse; capitals profiles show that the vaulted bay under the tower and the two bays of the north chapel were built together; this included tidying up the west wall of the south arm and its vaults with ribs that have a conje seating with rounded transition from spring to rib; at the junction with the nave where the piers for the arcade a\were built with the crossing; above the arches there is no continuity between the crossing piers and the nave walls and on the south the arch is stepped in from its support; this suggests that the projection for the arcade was placed with the crossing pier, but nothing more built at that time, a very common procedure; the same cornice was carried round the north and on west wall of the south but not to the south wall over the outcrop; there are unresolved complexities in this wall.
Lower nave walls and arches for future aisles butted onto western piers of crossing above the seating for the arch; designed for a wooden roof.
Nave clerestory with massive buttresses to support the vaults between an external facing blocking the earlier arches and western portal with trefoil arch; stairs within buttress above the level of the aisle arches.
2x2 bay eastern end.

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