(Aisne, France)
Surveyed: 1977, 1980-83, 2003, 2014
This is an experimental section where John James is attempting to identify the carvers though the use of common templates and/or a recognisable manners of carving. Such a large-scale analysis of all the capitals in these buildings has not been attempted before. As an ongoing enterprise that is still in its infancy, we seek your input. John believes this has the potential to increase our understanding of how they worked and to provide a more solid basis for dating than we have had.
An existing church mentioned in 1157 document; the remnants of the lateral walls of the earlier church may have been left between the chapels and not fully removed until arches inserted, perhaps in fifteenth century; the walls of the chapels would have encased the earlier.
Short version: north and central bases together with curiously angled bases, and above that the apse and crossing with adjacent jambs to nave; then south chapel only because gound level is higher; then north [though bases suggest the reverse]; W1 bases, though slightly different detail behind rib shaft, but as used the same 17cm plinth probably with apse; the flanking chapels have joints running vertically against apse, seen on outside to the start of the buttresses for the towers; axial apse and crossing in at least 6 campaigns.
Capitals to south nave aisle entry on north side, and one for future nave arcade; east not ready for vaults.
Capitals to north nave aisle entry on crossing side, the level is higher on the north side and the coursing through the sill suggests this side was constructed with the north chapel.
Apse and crossing capitals and vaults to the chapel, the crossing and entry arch
South chapel (before north only because ground here is higher) with rectangular bases; built hard up against earlier apse and includes transept wall and capitals to south side of nave entry with arch over, and adjacent stairs.
South arm capitals and vaulted
North chapel built hard up against earlier apse over older plinths; includes transept wall to north side of nave entry and arch over [if the same master built upper courses on each side possibly from caps and imposts, but not vault); the south vault was earlier, north later with a joint over north imposts; the phases of construction were complex in many small steps.
North chapel capitals and vaults; unlikely to have been one campaign to chapel vault and its entry arch.
Perhaps contempranelousy, nave in small steps; caps and starter arches on aisle sides while two large square piers do not encase smaller ones as there is a corbel projecting on the south side of one.
Two storey crossing tower with unfinished gable
Narthex with stairs and dado to arches over, includes capitals of entry into nave and west door; the arrangement of en delit shafts show the two stages in setting out; the similarities in the stairs and its windows suggest one master, but small details suggest this was a 3 phase construction, with about 8-10 courses in each.
Wall to clerestory capitals, sills of side windows and start of vault and gable over entry.
Upper wall with triplet oculi.
Loft and gable roof with termination of buttresses.

© Copyright 2016