Bourgogne
(Marne, France)
Saints-Pierre-et-Paul
Surveyed: 1977, 1980-83, 2003, 2014
This is an experimental section where John James is attempting to identify the carvers though the use of common templates and/or a recognisable manners of carving. Such a large-scale analysis of all the capitals in these buildings has not been attempted before. As an ongoing enterprise that is still in its infancy, we seek your input. John believes this has the potential to increase our understanding of how they worked and to provide a more solid basis for dating than we have had.
North and south arms with groin vaults, presumably added to sides of an earlier smaller church;
Crossing and upper levels in transepts;
Though separate in the lower courses, once above the e-s window the two were bays were built together from bonding into the es2 pier; built to top e-e windows, could include capitals and imposts and start of vaults with imposts that face in the direction of the ribs; there is a matching window on the north; the coursing allows an opposite interpretation, in which the lateral walls and the piers they sit on in e1 were built with upper arches and 'window' into upper room, because this window with its arch is pressed against the underside of upper arch;
E-e upper cruciform window, walls all round over windows with encasing arches; includes reinforcing arches in e1; vault e1-2 domical; no shafts, just a square pier; centre e2 arch offset to north, so infill over it is larger on south side; e1 arch offset slightly to the south (the opposite); no changes in lowest courses;
Two campaigns on the north to fill wall on north because these arches measure 3,90 to key from floor while south is 4,55 to key from floor;
W1 piers with arches into nave aisles; add shafts onto west side of e1; lateral chapel on north, 1 bay has a vault, but southeast corner is hard to disentangle;
The upper tower constructed
Nave constructed in five campaigns to the clerestory and west rose; sets out, all together; no sign of junctions left after restoration, so let the changes to the profiles tell the story; first two to aisle vaults,
Pier and wall caps and buttress drip; impost and ring mould; large rolls in arcade arches, and all three vault profiles carved together; looks like all vaults were finished at the same time;
Clerestory string and capitals and spring, and start windows; buttress with projecting copings;
Complete walls and vault, w-w rose; some piers are square and some set at 45, which indicates changes in crews
The western portal was installed;


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